Latin Name : Ocimum Basilicum
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) plays a role in many Mediterranean, and particularly Italian, cuisines. It forms the basis of pesto and adds a distinctive flavor to salads, pasta, pizza, and other dishes.
In the diet, sweet basil can provide vitamins, minerals, and a range of antioxidants that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.
- Basil leaves compose of several health benefiting essential oils such as eugenol, citronellol, linalool, citral, limonene and terpineol. These compounds are known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
- Vitamin K in basil is essential for production of clotting factors in the blood and plays a vital role in the bone strengthening and mineralization.
- Basil has properties that might help protect the skin from some effects of aging.
- The essential oil also stimulates the nervous system, fights stress, anxiety, mental fatigue and helps concentration.
- It has antiseptic and expectorant properties and is considered an excellent perspiration.
- Eating basil leaves, as a salad, fights constipation.
- The infusion abdominal cramps and stomach nerves.
- Basil tea helps digestion and soothes the intestines.